Updated: Jul 4, 2020
As the project work progresses, a large amount of information are collected, analyzed, and reported. This information is associated with incurred costs, tasks completed, quality of project deliverables, and other work done during the execution processes. The unorganized raw measurements are called work performance data. The data is organized, categorized, analyzed, and presented in a context which is called work performance information. Later, these are further formatted as a report and distributed (via emails or handouts), presented to stakeholders, or stored as work performance reports. These are shown in Figure 1-10 and Table 1-4. The reports are an electronic or physical representation of the information.
Work performance data, information, and reports sound similar, but there are differences between the three. An understanding of these differences is important to answer questions during the exam.
Data is the building block or raw observation of the work-in-progress.
Information is meaning and context that you get once you have analyzed the data.
Report is what you can prepare and provide to stakeholders or use as part of a project document or presentation.