Scope Knowledge Area

The Scope Knowledge Area is concerned with defining the amount of work that is included and excluded from the project.

The goal is to prevent gold-plating and scope creep, which are common reasons for missing the established timelines and budget.

Scope creep is adding scope without an approved change request.

 

Gold plating is adding functionality that has not been explicitly asked for.

QuestionS for the Scope Knowledge Area

Question 1

  • Which one of the following processes, has change requests as an output?

    1. Monitor and Control Project Work

    2. Control Scope

    3. Validate Scope

    4. All of the above

 

Question 2

  • Validate Scope is a process, where you:

    1. Make sure that what you have documented during the Define Scope process meets the stakeholder requirements as captured during the Collect requirements process.

    2. Get the scope statement and baseline reviewed by the stakeholders to make sure they are okay with the scope.

    3. Formalize the acceptance procedures for the completed deliverables.

    4. Compare the requirements to the features of the completed product to find variances, if any.

Question 3

  • Which one of the following processes has a scope baseline as its output?

    1. Collect Requirements

    2. Define Scope

    3. Plan Scope Management

    4. Create WBS

Question 4

  • Which of the following is not included in a scope management plan?

    1. Process to create a work breakdown structure (WBS) from details in the project scope statement

    2. Process to get approval and updates to the scope baseline

    3. Process to obtain formal acceptance of the completed project deliverables

    4. Process to plan and update activities related to project requirements and provide activity status

 

Question 5

  • Emily Laurens is a project manager for a natural gas drilling firm in Algeria. The firm is engaged in traditional vertical drilling as well as non-traditional hydraulic fracturing in various regions across Algeria. Emily needs work performance information to prepare a production variance report. Which of the following processes would provide work performance information?

  1. Define Scope

  2. Estimate Activity Durations

  3. Direct and Manage Project Work

  4. Control Scope

 

Question 6

  • Which one of the following processes, has change requests as an output?

    1. Plan Scope Management

    2. Collect Requirements

    3. Validate Scope

    4. Define Scope

 

Question 7

  • Alfred Albertson has prepared a work breakdown structure (WBS) for a project to deploy a new physical security system for his international offices. He is now preparing planning packages and control accounts to report to-date performance for the completed work. Which of the following is not true for control accounts, planning packages and work packages?

    1. A control account consists of planning packages and/or work packages

    2. A control account is a management control point where performance is measured by comparing the planned scope, budget and schedule to actual work completed, expenses and time taken.

    3. A planning package is a WBS structure below the control account and consists of known work content but without detailed schedule or activities

    4. A work package can belong to multiple control accounts. This helps to validate the accuracy of performance parameters, computed using earned value analysis.

ANSWERS

ANSWER 1

The correct answer is 4.  

 

All the processes, given in the choices, have change requests as an output. There are other processes (such as Control Costs, Control Quality and Identify Stakeholders) that also have change requests as an output.

ANSWER 2

The correct answer is 3. 

 

The Validate Scope process helps you formalize the acceptance of the completed deliverables. The deliverables are reviewed with the customer or sponsor to make sure they meet the requirements and acceptance criteria.

 

ANSWER 3

The correct answer is 4. 

 

The key output of the Create WBS process is the scope baseline. 

ANSWER 4

The correct answer is 4. 

 

The scope management plan does not contain the tasks and processes related to requirements are in the requirements management plan (and not in the scope management plan). All other listed choices are components of the scope management plan  

ANSWER 5

The correct answer is 4. 

 

Work performance information is usually an output of processes in the Monitoring and Controlling Process Group. The Control Scope process is part of the Monitoring and Controlling Process Group and its output is work performance information.

 

The other choices belong to the Planning or Executing Process Groups. Most questions in the Exam may not be as hard as this. But you still need to know the key outputs of each of the 49 processes, in the PMBOK.

ANSWER 6

 The correct answer is 3. 

 

The Validate Scope process has change requests as an output. The other processes that are listed are part of the Planning Process Group.

 

Remember that change requests are usually part of the Executing and Monitoring and Controlling Process Groups. However, there are some exceptions. Some processes (such as Define Activities, Develop Schedule, Plan Risk Responses, Plan Procurement Management and Identify Stakeholders) are part of the Planning Process Group but they still have change requests as an output.\

 

Also, remember that approved change requests as an output of the Perform Integrated Change Control process.

ANSWER 7

The correct answer is 4. 

 

A work package can belong to only one control account. Control accounts consist of planning packages and work packages. See image below. 

This guide is based on the PMBOK 6th Edition® and is meant for PMP® Exams conducted until December 31, 2020