Process Groups


There are five Process Groups. 


A Process Group is a set of procedures or activities that together helps to accomplish certain project-related objectives (such as starting the project, or monitoring the progress of the project).

The five Process Groups are:

1.    Initiating,

2.    Planning,

3.    Executing,

4.    Monitoring and Controlling, and

5.    Closing

You can remember the names of the five Process Groups using the acronym I-P-E-C-C.

Most of the outputs of a Process Group feed into the following Process Group, except for Monitoring and Controlling which occurs throughout the project life. Distinguish between a phase and a Process Group.

A phase is like a project and includes processes from all the five Process Groups. 

The figure below shows the boundaries within a project or phase.